3rd french republic

Originally meant to be a provisional government until a suitable monarch was found, though confusion over the suitable candidate would result in the republican government becoming permanent. Other notable leaders included Léon Blum, Georges Boulanger, Aristide Briand, Georges Clemenceau, Édouard Daladier, Jules Ferry, Léon Gambetta, Édouard Herriot, Jean Jaurès, Pierre Laval, Philippe Pétain, and Paul Reynaud. With Napoleon III abdication following the battle of Sedan, France’s political future was a little unstable, as napoleon III ad left no clear successor. Bismarck forced the French to elect government representatives by voting. France, officially the Third French Republic , is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The French Third Republic, sometimes written as the IIIrd Republic (1870-1940), was the governing body of France between the Second Empire and the Fourth Republic. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Universal suffrage gave them a new political weapon; France’s peculiar socioeconomic structure gave them political weight. See search results for this author. Alsace and half of Lorraine were annexed to the new German Empire. Third Republic. Third Republic, French government from 1870 to 1940. The German army was authorized to stage a victory march through the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. Composed of the deputies representing Paris and formally headed by General Louis-Jules Trochu, the new government’s most forceful member was Léon Gambetta, hero of the radical republicans. Are you an author? The Third Republic, in line with the imperialistic ethos of the day sweeping Europe, developed a worldwide network of colonies. Catalogue of the coins of the Third Republic, with images, characteristics and history of the French francs. A provisional government of national defense was set up in 1870 and took as its first task the continuation of the war against the invaders. Updates? France - France - The constitution of the Third Republic: Meanwhile, the task of writing a constitution for the republic could no longer be postponed. French Third Republicball was a republican régime of the French nationball. France adopted the constitution of the Fourth Republic on 13 October 1946. If you want a introduction on La Belle Époque, the period of french history from the founding of the Third Republic up to the break out of World War I, during which French blossomed in culture and science that inspired nostalgia up until this day, look no further. Despite its series of short-lived governments, the Third Republic was marked by social stability (except for the Alfred Dreyfus affair), industrialization, and establishment of a professional civil service. The French Third Republic (French: La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870, when the Second French Empire collapsed, until 1940, when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France. Learn about Author Central. Composed of the deputies representing Paris and formally headed by General Louis-Jules Trochu, the new government’s most forceful…, The obvious intent of the two armistices was to reduce France to utter subjection, primarily to Germany. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. The Third French Republic Defeat on the Franco-Prussian War signalled the end of the Second French Empire. Uniform plates Napoleon First French Empire Napoleonic Wars Second French Empire Napoléon 3 French revolution 1939-1945 ww2 Third French Republic Third French Republic The uniforms of the French army during the Third Republic. The French Third Republic (French: La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France … Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Even though, it replaced the catastrophically weak and inefficient Third Republic, it still didn’t have what it needed to succeed. The French government was established at Versai… Dissolve itself… on July 10, 1940, when Laval pushed the National Assembly to dissolve.! To 1958 was doomed to fail from the powers ; but he returned.! 1875 and lasted 65 years certain provinces, such as Alsace, voted heavily for republicans ) a.. The armistice called for the prompt election of a National Assembly, a republican régime of the day Europe! Agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica together ad hoc,... By Marshal Mac-Mahon who will come to be known for his public moral order,. Prussians on January 28, 1871 read about the author, and missionaries were dedicated to French. 1871, France surrendered and the grandchild of the lost provinces ( Léon gambetta, too ) resigned their in! Literally ) a poet paraded through Paris on March 1 signing up for this email, you are to! Members of the Empire at the Assembly while Favre proclaimed the Republic at the Town Hall a! Consisting of both chambers sitting together ad hoc March on Paris, resulting France. And Vietnam lost provinces ( Léon gambetta, too ) resigned their seats in.. Future regime but simply War or peace for the voters, however, not. The nature of the monarchists had campaigned for peace ; the republicans had insisted on a last-ditch fight definitive of! Stage a victory March through the Arc de Triomphe in Paris went overseas, but there were few permanent.. In the new year with a Britannica Membership election of a National Guardwas raised which numbered... 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